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NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF SURGICAL INPATIENTS WHO HAVE UNDERGONE MAJOR   SURGERY IN RIYADH ARMED FORCES HOSPITAL

 

 

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NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF SURGICAL INPATIENTS WHO HAVE UNDERGONE MAJOR SURGERY IN RIYADH ARMED FORCES HOSPITAL

المؤلف: Hind AL-Zaidan

الناشر: جامعة الملك سعود

رقم تسلسلي عالمي: 14-603--8036-09-9

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التفاصيل

Malnutrition is defined as a state of nutritional insufficiency attributable to either inadequate dietary intake or defective assimilation of food ingested by individuals [1]. It has been suggested that malnutrition is commonly seen in hospitalized patients, where it is largely unrecognized and untreated. Malnutrition is not a new or a rare problem; it is a critical health problem among all ages and across the continuum of care. It is estimated that more than 15 million people are treated yearly in U.S. hospitals for illnesses, injuries and social conditions that place them at high risk for malnutrition [2]. Malnutrition is associated with decreased muscle [3], respiratory [4], and immune functions [5], and decreased quality of life [6]. Poor Nutritional status has been shown to impair recovery from illness or injury. Experimental semi starvation of normal volunteers that caused 25% loss of body weight was associated with apathy, depression, fatigue and loss of well being [7]. Several Studies showed that 10% of the total hospitalized patients were classified as severely malnourished, 22% as moderately malnourished and 69% as well nourished [8]. A study carried out among 200 Saudi patients showed that 39.5% had evidence of malnutrition [9]. Extreme cases of malnutrition can lead to septicemia, organ failure and subsequent death. Consequently, a patient who develops complications as a result of malnourishment is at risk of having his stay in hospital prolonged and after prolonged hospitalization, malnutrition worsens and may well-nourished patients experience malnutrition.

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اسم الؤلف Hind AL-Zaidan
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